Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a complex disease affecting the central nervous system (CNS), which consists of the brain and spinal cord. MS is believed to be caused by faulty cells of the immune system.
Nerve cells communicate by sending electrical signals to each other via nerve fibres, which are covered with myelin.
Immune cells attack myelin on nerve cells, leading to inflammation and damage. This damage can disrupt the transmission of signals in the CNS.
The main role of immune cells is to recognize foreign organisms, such as bacteria, and protect your body against them. Most experts believe that in MS, immune cells mistakenly attack myelin, a substance that surrounds and protects nerve fibres. Repeated attacks cause inflammation and damage to myelin in the brain and spinal cord.
Clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) refers to a single episode of neurological symptoms suggestive of MS.
Relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) is characterized by unpredictable but distinct episodes where new symptoms develop or existing symptoms worsen.
MS affects everyone differently. Episodes (also referred to as relapses, flare-ups or exacerbations) of new symptoms or worsening of old ones may occur at any time, months or years apart. These episodes can vary in severity and length.
MS is a life-long condition that presently can be treated but not cured. Appropriate therapy may be used to reduce the number and severity of clinical exacerbations, and to slow progression of disability. To get the most of your treatment with Rebif®, it should be taken regularly, as prescribed by your doctor.
Your Rebif Patient Brochure provides detailed treatment information, tips and tools to help you start and stay on Rebif as prescribed by your doctor. Visit the adveva Catalogue any time to order supplies free of charge.
Source: MS Society of Canada
Rebif is a registered trademark of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany or its affiliates.
It’s not always easy to talk to your doctor or nurse about how you are feeling.